Hair Loss Solutions

Hair Loss

Hair Loss or Androgenetic Alopecia

What you should know:

  • Androgenetic alopecia is a common disorder leading to hair loss; it is genetic or hereditary in origin. Hair falls out because the hair follicles or roots are too sensitive to male hormones circulating in the blood; the hair on the crown of the head is protected from the effects of these hormones.
  • Up to two-thirds of Caucasian men between the ages of 35 and 40 are affected; women are affected to a lesser degree (around 30 % before menopause).
  • In men, the first sign of baldness is a gradually receding hairline followed by more or less extensive loss of hair around a bald patch on the crown. In women, hair loss appears as a gradual and diffuse reduction in hair density all over the scalp; the hairline is usually not particularly affected.
  • Generally, if hair loss begins early in life, it will be more severe in later years than if it appears when a person is older.
  • It is normal for the hairline to recede a little at puberty; 96% of boys and 80% of girls are affected by this phenomenon.
  • If one parent is bald, about half the offspring will carry the dominant gene for baldness.
  • In general, hair loss is gradual, with alternating active periods and periods of remission.
  • There are several forms of alopecia about which a specialist should be consulted, including:
    • Alopecia areata, an auto-immune disease, which causes hair loss in irregular patches;
    • Alopecia totalis, an extreme form of alopecia areata, which affects the entire scalp;
    • Alopecia universalis, which affects the entire body;
    • Traction alopecia, which is caused by too much pulling (for example, by a ponytail that is too tight);
    • Telogen effluvium, which is usually temporary and reversible and is caused by intense physical or emotional stress, certain drugs and thyroid abnormalities:
    • Anagen effluvium, which results from taking certain medications, such as chemotherapeutic drugs.

Solutions for hair loss

For anyone experiencing hair loss, there are more solutions than ever before:

  • Hair transplantation by follicular micrografting is the best-known type of hair-replacement surgery because it provides the only lasting solution to baldness.
  • Propecia Finasteride (Propecia®) is an oral treatment for male pattern baldness, which is also known as androgenetic alopecia. ROGAINE® is another solution that is applied topically to the scalp twice a day and is the first available medication that has been proven effective for hair loss treatment. It contains the active ingredient minoxidil. Both of these medications need to be taken for life or as long as you don’t want the hair loss to get worse.
  • Biostimulation treatment with low level laser therapy (LLLT) is among the most exciting new options in the treatment of hair loss. Recent US and European studies suggest that LLLT stimulates blood and lymph circulation at the hair root, decreases inflammation, and improves cellular metabolism and protein synthesis.